Business Formation & Counseling

Business Formation
for nearly 30 years we have been Westborough MA, Worcester County and MetroWest Boston's leading business law firm.

Westborough MA Business Formation Attorney

Serving as Your Business Ally From the Start

The Socius Law Firm is a leading business formation and counseling law practice that specializes in representing small start-ups and established medium-sized businesses throughout Worcester County, Central Massachusetts and Metro West Boston. We are dedicated to working closely with our clients to understand their unique business needs and provide customized solutions that are cost-effective and efficient. We have a diverse portfolio of clients, ranging from a local ice cream shop in Grafton, MA, and a small retail business in Southborough, MA to a medical device manufacturer in Medway, MA. Our expertise and experience in business law enable us to provide effective representation and establish close client relationships that last throughout the business life cycle. You can rely on us to deliver exceptional legal services that meet your business needs and help your business thrive.

Business Formation Attorney - Forming or Acquiring a New Business?

Starting or acquiring a new business can often be an overwhelming and complex process, fraught with various legal and financial challenges that may seem daunting. However, as a committed and experienced business formation attorney located in Westborough, MA, we are dedicated to supporting you at every stage of this journey. Whether you are establishing a brand-new business or seeking to acquire an established operation, we will provide invaluable guidance towards selecting the most suitable business entity to help drive your enterprise forward.

Our expert team can help you choose between popular business entities such as:

In addition to this, we can also prepare all of the necessary organizational documents required for your business, including Articles of Organization, Certificates of Organization, Partnership Certificates, Bylaws, Corporate Minutes, Stock Certificates, and Tax Election Forms. Trust us to help make your new business venture a success.

Pros and Cons of Various Business Entities

Selecting the best legal entity for your startup is a critical decision that can have a lasting impact on its success. To ensure you make an informed choice, here are some of the most common options along with their main advantages and disadvantages. Taking the time to carefully evaluate each option based on your unique business needs can help you establish a strong legal foundation and pave the way for long-term growth.

Sole proprietorship. A sole proprietorship refers to an enterprise owned and operated by a single individual. In the state of Massachusetts, conducting commercial activities without registration as an LLC or other business entity automatically renders an individual as a sole proprietor.


  • Easy to form, maintain, and dissolve
  • Owner keeps all profits
  • Owner makes all business decisions
  • Simplifies taxes because business income is considered the owner’s income


  • Owner is personally liable for all losses and liabilities
  • Difficult to raise money because of inability to sell stock
  • Banks are often hesitant to lend money to a sole proprietor

Partnership. The formation of a business partnership is a popular choice among individuals interested in co-founding a business. Two commonly found forms of business partnerships include limited partnerships (LPs) and limited liability partnerships (LLPs). An LP comprises one general partner that assumes unlimited liability, while all other partners possess limited liability (along with limited control over business operations). Conversely, an LLP involves each owner assuming limited liability, whereby every partner is not responsible for the actions of other partners. These are two fundamental business structures worth considering when forming a partnership, depending on the needs and objectives of the co-founders.


  • Most partnerships are treated as pass-through entities for taxation purposes, so every partner pays taxes only for his or her share of the business
  • Sharing responsibility for business decisions with other partners
  • Sharing the financial burden of starting the business
  • May be structured to limit your individual liability


  • Lower individual profits due to sharing with other partners
  • Potential for interpersonal conflict and conflicts of interest
  • Depending on how the partnership is structured, you may be liable for the actions of other partners

Limited liability company (LLC). A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a type of business entity owned by one or more individuals called members. It provides protection to its members against personal liability for debts and other obligations of the company. It is important to follow certain formalities when establishing and maintaining an LLC, as they are legally required. By adhering to these formalities, members can ensure the protection of their personal assets and avoid any legal issues. An LLC can be a valuable option for individuals who want to start a business but do not wish to assume full personal liability for its potential debts and obligations. If you are considering starting an LLC, it is important to ensure compliance with all requirements and regulations.


  • Personal assets are generally not at risk if your LLC is sued or goes bankrupt
  • Pass-through taxation, so no need to file a corporate tax return
  • Fewer formalities than a corporation
  • LLCs can register an exclusive trade name


  • LLC members are considered self-employed and must pay self-employment taxes
  • Must keep LLC funds separate from personal funds to maintain liability protection
  • Certain forms and filing fees are required

Corporation. A corporation is a distinct legal entity that operates separately from its owners. It has the ability to generate income, be subject to taxation, and can be litigated. Corporations offer superior personal liability protection, but require strict maintenance of detailed records and comprehensive reporting requirements.


  • Operates independently of its shareholders, so the death or resignation of one usually does not affect the corporation’s operations
  • Shields its owners from personal liability
  • Can raise capital by selling stocks (shares)
  • Some corporations (known as S corps) allow pass-through tax benefits


  • Potential for double taxation (for C corps): of the corporation itself, and of individual shareholders when they are paid dividends
  • Extensive record-keeping and reporting requirements
  • Ongoing fees, such as annual report fees

These are not the only types of business entities, and the ones listed above have additional pros and cons. Discuss your goals and concerns with a qualified Massachusetts business formation attorney at the Socius Law Firm to learn more.

Structuring and Organizing Your Business

After the formation of your business, it is crucial to properly structure and organize it. The process mainly involves two areas of interest: registration and the creation of corporate governance documents.

It is important to note that most businesses apart from sole proprietorships are required to register their legal entities. This begins with obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS, followed by the necessary paperwork to be filed with the Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. These processes must be completed before the entity can begin conducting business in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and regulated professions may be required to meet additional criteria before commencing business operations.

The following crucial step in the process is the creation of corporate governance documents, an essential aspect of organizing any new business venture, apart from sole proprietorships. These documents include Articles of Incorporation, Operating Agreements, Corporate Bylaws and Amendments, Partnership Agreements, Stock Purchase Agreements, and Doing-Business-As (DBA) Certificates. We can assist in drafting, negotiating, revising, and executing the necessary documents for your company, ensuring that your rights and interests as a business owner are clearly worded and accurately aligned with your business plan.

Contact Our Business Formation Attorney in Westborough MA

The Socius Law Firm is committed to helping entrepreneurs, professionals, and corporations succeed as they form their new enterprises. We serve our clients by thoroughly reviewing their options and then implementing a personalized plan to accomplish the most important business formation tasks. If you’re ready to get started or you still have questions, contact us today.